From iWiki

Scotland is a country located in the northern part of the island of Great Britain, which is part of the United Kingdom. It shares a border with England to the south and is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, the North Sea, and the Irish Sea. Scotland has a distinct identity and rich cultural heritage, known for its stunning landscapes, historic castles, traditional music, and warm hospitality. This wiki page provides an overview of Scotland, including its geography, history, government, economy, and culture.


Scotland is known for its diverse geography, which includes lush green valleys, rugged mountains, and picturesque lochs (lakes). The country is renowned for its stunning landscapes, such as the Highlands and the Isle of Skye, which attract visitors from around the world. Scotland's coastline is dotted with numerous islands, including the Orkney Islands and the Shetland Islands. The climate varies across the country, with cooler temperatures in the northern regions and milder conditions in the south and coastal areas.


Scotland has a fascinating and eventful history that spans thousands of years. It was originally inhabited by Celtic tribes, and later, the Romans attempted to conquer the region. Scotland emerged as an independent kingdom during the Middle Ages, with notable figures such as William Wallace and Robert the Bruce leading the fight for independence. The country eventually entered into a political union with England in 1707, forming the Kingdom of Great Britain.

Government and Politics

Scotland has its own devolved government, known as the Scottish Government, with authority over various domestic matters. The Scottish Parliament, located in Edinburgh, consists of elected Members of the Scottish Parliament (MSPs) who are responsible for legislating on devolved issues such as education, health, and justice. The Scottish Government, headed by the First Minister, governs Scotland and implements policies in areas under its control.


Scotland has a diverse and vibrant economy. Key sectors include oil and gas, renewable energy, tourism, manufacturing, food and drink, and financial services. The country is known for its expertise in industries such as engineering, life sciences, and creative arts. Edinburgh is a major financial centre and is home to numerous banks and investment firms. The whisky industry is also a significant contributor to Scotland's economy, with renowned distilleries producing world-famous Scotch whisky.


Scotland has a rich cultural heritage, celebrated through its traditional music, dance, literature, and festivals. The bagpipes, kilts, and Highland games are iconic symbols of Scottish culture. The country is renowned for its contributions to literature, with famous Scottish writers including Robert Burns, Sir Walter Scott, and Robert Louis Stevenson. Scotland is also known for its vibrant music scene, featuring traditional folk music, contemporary bands, and annual festivals such as the Edinburgh Festival Fringe.