From iWiki

Wales is a country located in the western part of the island of Great Britain, which is part of the United Kingdom. It is bordered by England to the east and the Atlantic Ocean to the west. Known for its breath-taking landscapes, medieval castles, and vibrant Celtic culture, Wales offers a unique blend of history, natural beauty, and artistic traditions. This wiki page provides an overview of Wales, including its geography, history, government, economy, and culture.


Wales is characterized by its diverse geography, encompassing rugged mountains, stunning coastlines, and picturesque valleys. The country is home to the Snowdonia National Park, which boasts the highest mountain in Wales and England, Mount Snowdon. Wales also features beautiful coastal regions, including the Gower Peninsula and the Pembrokeshire Coast. The climate in Wales is generally temperate, with mild summers and cool winters.


Wales has a rich and distinct history that spans centuries. It was originally inhabited by Celtic tribes, and the country has a strong cultural heritage rooted in its Celtic origins. Wales was later invaded by the Romans and subsequently became part of the medieval Kingdom of England. Despite political challenges, Wales maintained a unique identity, language, and legal system. In more recent history, Wales has seen a resurgence of its cultural and linguistic heritage, with efforts to promote the Welsh language and preserve its cultural traditions.

Government and Politics

Wales has its own devolved government known as the Welsh Government, with powers over various areas of domestic policy. The Welsh Parliament, also known as the Senedd, is located in the capital city of Cardiff. The Welsh Government is responsible for matters such as education, health, transport, and the environment within Wales. The devolved administration provides a platform for decision-making and legislation that addresses the specific needs and aspirations of the Welsh people.


Wales has a diverse economy, with sectors such as manufacturing, services, tourism, and agriculture playing important roles. The country is known for its expertise in industries such as automotive manufacturing, aerospace, and renewable energy. Wales has a growing tourism industry, attracting visitors with its beautiful landscapes, historic sites, and cultural events. The agricultural sector in Wales focuses on livestock farming and dairy production. Cardiff, the capital city, is a hub for finance, media, and creative industries.


Wales has a vibrant cultural scene and is renowned for its artistic traditions, music, and literature. The Welsh language, known as Cymraeg, is spoken by a significant portion of the population and plays an important role in Wales' cultural identity. The country has produced notable poets, writers, and musicians who have contributed to Welsh literature and music. Eisteddfodau, cultural festivals celebrating music, poetry, and performance, are held regularly across Wales.