Great Britain

From iWiki

Great Britain is a large island located in the north-western part of Europe. It is the largest island in the British Isles and is home to three constituent countries: England, Scotland, and Wales. The term "Great Britain" is often used to refer to the political entity known as the United Kingdom, which also includes Northern Ireland. This wiki page provides an overview of Great Britain, including its geography, history, culture, government, and notable landmarks.


Great Britain is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the west and the North Sea to the east. It is separated from the mainland of Europe by the English Channel. The island features diverse landscapes, including rolling hills, fertile plains, rugged coastlines, and mountainous regions. Notable geographical features include the Pennines, the Scottish Highlands, the Lake District, and the Cambrian Mountains.


The history of Great Britain is long and complex, shaped by various historical events and influences. The island has been inhabited since ancient times, with Celtic tribes being dominant before the Roman conquest. The Roman occupation left a significant mark on the region, followed by the invasions and settlements of Germanic tribes, such as the Angles, Saxons, and Jutes. The Norman Conquest in 1066 brought Norman and French influences to Great Britain. The island later became a global colonial power with the establishment of the British Empire.


Great Britain has a rich cultural heritage, with each constituent country contributing its own unique traditions and customs. The English language is widely spoken, and British literature has made significant contributions to world literature. The island has produced renowned writers, poets, and playwrights, including William Shakespeare, Jane Austen, and Charles Dickens. Great Britain is also known for its music, from classical composers like Benjamin Britten to iconic bands like The Beatles and The Rolling Stones.


Great Britain is part of the United Kingdom, a constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary democracy. The country is governed by a system that includes the monarch, the prime minister, and the Parliament. The Parliament is composed of two houses: the House of Commons and the House of Lords. The British legal system has influenced legal systems around the world and is based on common law principles.

Notable Landmarks

Great Britain is home to numerous iconic landmarks that attract visitors from around the world. Some of the notable sites include:

  • Stonehenge: A prehistoric monument in Wiltshire, England, known for its mysterious stone circles.
  • Tower of London: A historic castle located in the heart of London, housing the Crown Jewels and serving as a symbol of royal power and defence.
  • Edinburgh Castle: A fortress perched on a volcanic rock in the capital city of Scotland, offering panoramic views of the surrounding area.
  • Snowdonia National Park: A stunning national park in Wales, known for its rugged mountains and breath-taking landscapes.
  • Bath: A historic city in England, famous for its Roman-built baths and well-preserved Georgian architecture.