From iWiki

England is a country located in the southern part of the island of Great Britain, which is part of the United Kingdom. It is bordered by Scotland to the north and Wales to the west. England is known for its rich history, cultural heritage, and iconic landmarks. This wiki page provides an overview of England, including its geography, history, government, economy, and culture.


England is primarily characterized by lowland areas and rolling hills, with the Pennines and the Lake District serving as notable exceptions. The country boasts a diverse landscape, including beautiful coastlines, picturesque countryside, and vibrant cities. The River Thames, one of England's most significant waterways, flows through the capital city of London. England's climate is temperate, with mild winters and relatively warm summers.


England has a long and storied history that dates back thousands of years. It has been inhabited by various Celtic tribes and was later conquered by the Romans, who established the province of Britannia. England played a pivotal role in the medieval period, with the Norman Conquest in 1066 significantly influencing its language, culture, and governance. It went on to become a global colonial power, establishing colonies and trade networks around the world during the British Empire era.

Government and Politics

England is part of the United Kingdom and shares its political system. The country does not have its own separate government, as many domestic matters are governed by the UK Parliament in London. However, there are devolved administrations in Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland, which have varying degrees of legislative and executive powers. England is divided into nine regions, each with its own local government structures.


England has one of the largest and most diverse economies in Europe. It is a major centre for finance, business services, technology, and creative industries. The country is home to globally recognized companies and financial institutions. Key sectors of the English economy include manufacturing, automotive, aerospace, pharmaceuticals, tourism, and agriculture. London, the capital city, is a global financial hub and a magnet for international business and investment.


England has a rich cultural heritage and has made significant contributions to various fields, including literature, art, music, and sports. The country is known for its iconic landmarks such as Stonehenge, the Tower of London, and Buckingham Palace. English literature has produced renowned writers such as William Shakespeare, Jane Austen, and Charles Dickens. Football (soccer), cricket, rugby, and tennis are popular sports in England, with a passionate fan base and internationally acclaimed teams.